Declaration  of  Sexual  Rights 


    Sexuality is an integral part of the personality of every human being. Its full development depends upon the satisfaction of
 basic human needs such as the desire for contact, intimacy, emotional expression, pleasure, tenderness and love. Sexuality is
 constructed through the interaction between the individual and social structures. Full development of sexuality is essential
 for individual, interpersonal, and societal well being. 

    Sexual rights are universal human rights based on the inherent freedom, dignity, and equality of all human beings. Since
 health is a fundamental human right, so must sexual health be a basic human right. In order to assure that human beings and
 societies develop healthy sexuality, the following sexual rights must be recognized, promoted, respected, and defended by all
 societies through all means. Sexual health is the result of an environment that recognizes, respects and exercises these
 sexual rights.

  1. The right to sexual freedom. Sexual freedom encompasses the possibility for individuals to express their full sexual
      potential. However, this excludes all forms of sexual coercion, exploitation and abuse at any time and situations in life.

  2. The right to sexual autonomy, sexual integrity, and of the sexual body. This right involves the ability to make autonomous
      decisions about one's sexual life within a context of one's own personal and social ethics. It also encompasses control and
      enjoyment of our own bodies free from torture, mutilation and violence of any sort.

  3. The right to sexual privacy. This involves the right for individual decisions and behaviors about intimacy as long as they
      do not intrude on the sexual rights of others.

  4. The right to sexual equity. This refers to freedom from all forms of discrimination regardless of sex, gender, sexual
      orientation, age, race, social class, religion, or physical and emotional disability.

  5. The right to sexual pleasure. Sexual pleasure,including autoeroticism, is a source of physical, psychological, intellectual
      and spiritual well being.

  6. The right to emotional sexual expression. Sexual expression is more than erotic pleasure or sexual acts. Individuals have
      a right to express their sexuality through communication, touch, emotional expression and love.

  7. The right to sexually associate freely. This means the possibility to marry or not, to divorce, and to establish other types
      of responsible sexual associations.

  8. The right to make free and responsible reproductive choices. This encompasses the right to decide whether or not to have
      children, the number and spacing of children, and the right to full access to the means of fertility regulation.

  9. The right to sexual information based upon scientific inquiry. This right implies that sexual information should be
      generated through the process of unencumbered and yet scientifically ethical inquiry, and disseminated in appropriate
      ways at all societal levels.

  10. The right to comprehensive sexuality education. This is a lifelong process from birth throughout the lifecycle and should
        involve all social institutions.

  11. The right to sexual health care. Sexual health care should be available for prevention and treatment of all sexual
        concerns, problems and disorders.

  Sexual Rights are Fundamental and Universal Human Rights

   The Declaration of the 13th World Congress of Sexology, 1997, Valencia, Spain  was  revised  and  adopted  by the General
 Assembly of the World Association of Sexology, August 26, 1999, at the 14th World Congress of Sexology,  Hong  Kong, 
 People's  Republic  of  China


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