Sexuality is an integral part of the personality of every human being. Its full development depends upon the satisfaction of
basic human needs such as the desire for contact, intimacy, emotional expression, pleasure, tenderness and love. Sexuality is
constructed through the interaction between the individual and social structures. Full development of sexuality is essential
for individual, interpersonal, and societal well being.
Sexual rights are universal human rights based on the inherent freedom, dignity, and equality of all human beings. Since
health is a fundamental human right, so must sexual health be a basic human right. In order to assure that human beings and
societies develop healthy sexuality, the following sexual rights must be recognized, promoted, respected, and defended by all
societies through all means. Sexual health is the result of an environment that recognizes, respects and exercises these
1. The right to sexual freedom. Sexual freedom encompasses the possibility for individuals to express their full sexual
potential. However, this excludes all forms of sexual coercion, exploitation and abuse at any time and situations in life.
2. The right to sexual autonomy, sexual integrity, and of the sexual body. This right involves the ability to make autonomous
decisions about one's sexual life within a context of one's own personal and social ethics. It also encompasses control and
enjoyment of our own bodies free from torture, mutilation and violence of any sort.
3. The right to sexual privacy. This involves the right for individual decisions and behaviors about intimacy as long as they
do not intrude on the sexual rights of others.
4. The right to sexual equity. This refers to freedom from all forms of discrimination regardless of sex, gender, sexual
orientation, age, race, social class, religion, or physical and emotional disability.
5. The right to sexual pleasure. Sexual pleasure,including autoeroticism, is a source of physical, psychological, intellectual
and spiritual well being.
6. The right to emotional sexual expression. Sexual expression is more than erotic pleasure or sexual acts. Individuals have
a right to express their sexuality through communication, touch, emotional expression and love.
7. The right to sexually associate freely. This means the possibility to marry or not, to divorce, and to establish other types
of responsible sexual associations.
8. The right to make free and responsible reproductive choices. This encompasses the right to decide whether or not to have
children, the number and spacing of children, and the right to full access to the means of fertility regulation.
9. The right to sexual information based upon scientific inquiry. This right implies that sexual information should be
generated through the process of unencumbered and yet scientifically ethical inquiry, and disseminated in appropriate
ways at all societal levels.
10. The right to comprehensive sexuality education. This is a lifelong process from birth throughout the lifecycle and should
involve all social institutions.
11. The right to sexual health care. Sexual health care should be available for prevention and treatment of all sexual
concerns, problems and disorders.
Sexual Rights are Fundamental and Universal Human Rights
The Declaration of the 13th World Congress of Sexology, 1997, Valencia, Spain was revised and adopted by the General
Assembly of the World Association of Sexology, August 26, 1999, at the 14th World Congress of Sexology, Hong Kong,
People's Republic of China